Leaburg-Walterville Hydroelectric Project
EWEB's Emergency Action Plan
Walterville = 1911, Leaburg = 1929
The Leaburg Walterville Hydroelectric Project is comprised of two facilities located
at different points on the McKenzie River. Both plants are run-of-the-river facilities,
meaning that the natural flow and elevation drop of the river are used to generate
The Leaburg facility has a capacity of 15.9 megawatts. The Walterville
plant has a capacity of 9 megawatts.
Walterville hydroelectric facilities include the following:
- River diversion intake
- Fish screen
- Power canal
- Pumped storage pond
- Canal tailrace barrier
The project is operated as an integrated system. The intake gates are operated to
capture up to the maximum water right (2,577 cubic feet per second) from available
river flow, provided that licensed minimum flows are left in the river downstream
of the intake. Canal and downstream river elevations are monitored electronically
with alarms and remote monitoring capabilities at the Walterville powerhouse. The
turbine-generator automatically adjusts load for available flows to maintain a
Upstream migrant salmon are protected from entering the tailrace by the tailrace
velocity barrier and are diverted back to the river by a tailrace bypass channel.
Downstream migrating juvenile salmon are prevented from entering the power canal
by a fish screen, and are returned to the river via a pipe.
Leaburg hydroelectric facilities include the following:
- Power canal
- Fish screen
- Tailrace fish barrier
The project is operated as an integrated system. The dam provides control for diversion
into the canal, and is operated to maintain a constant lake surface elevation. During
seasons of surplus flow, the canal gates are set to provide optimum generation,
and automatic controls adjust the roll gates to spill surplus flow downriver. In
times of low flow, the roll gates are set to spill the licensed minimum flow (1,000
cubic feet per second) downstream, and automatic canal gate controls adjust canal
flows to maintain the lake surface elevation. The turbine generator automatically
adjusts load to available canal flows. The lake surface, canal, downstream river
elevations, and head loss across the fish screen are monitored and controlled electronically
with alarms and remote reading capabilities at the Leaburg powerhouse.
Upstream migrant salmon are protected from entering the powerhouse tailrace by a
rack type barrier. The racks are raised up and locked from mid-March through September
when adult salmon are in the river. Downstream migrating juvenile salmon are prevented
from entering the power canal by the fish screen located downstream from the dam,
and are returned to the river via a pipe.
The fish ladders and screen are operated year-round to allow safe passage for anadromous
fish both up and downstream around the dam. The ladders need only occasional cleaning,
which usually can be accomplished with a one or two day shutdown. Routine maintenance
is scheduled at times of least upstream migration. The fish screens have an automatic
spray back system to flush debris that collects on the screen.